Bypass chrome tls security checks

Normally things like invalid certificates throw an error within google chrome, and if the page has hsts in place, there is no way to bypass that.
For normal users this is a good thing, but if you’re the developer/admin and have logged out yourself because of a miss configured server or you’re a pentester and want to access the contents of a wrongly configured web server, this can be frustrating.

And there is a way to access the pages, even though it is not available in the normal google chrome version.
You need to use the selenium driver. Therefore in turn you need the WebDriver library and the chromedriver.

1. Download the latest WebDriver
2. Download the latest ChromeDriver (Keep in mind, that Version 2.10 is higher than 2.9)
3. Open PowerShell and import the WebDriver using “Import-Module” (or more specifically the correct dll for your installed .net version)
4. Unzip the chromedriver and place it inside of “./bin/selenium.chromedriver/”
5. Use PowerShell or C# to launch a new browser instance

$options = [OpenQA.Selenium.Chrome.ChromeOptions]::new()

Or use this script to install it inside of your current directory:

function Install-PSArchive {
    $null = Install-PackageProvider -Name PowerShellGet -Force -Scope CurrentUser
    Install-Module -Name 'Microsoft.PowerShell.Archive' -Force -Repository PSGallery -Scope CurrentUser -WarningAction SilentlyContinue

function Install-Selenium {
    param($ChromeSeleniumVersion = '2.45')
    Invoke-WebRequest -Uri '' -UseBasicParsing -OutFile './'
    Expand-Archive -Path ./ -Force
    $null = New-Item -Name './lib/selenium.webDriver' -ItemType Directory -Force
    Copy-Item -Path ./selenium.webDriver.nupkg/lib/netstandard2.0/WebDriver.dll -Destination ./lib/selenium.webDriver -Force
    Copy-Item -Path ./selenium.webDriver.nupkg/lib/netstandard2.0/WebDriver.xml -Destination ./lib/selenium.webDriver -Force
    Remove-Item -Recurse -Force -Path './selenium.webDriver.nupkg'
    Remove-Item -Recurse -Force -Path './'

    $ChromeSeleniumURLLinux = '{0}/' -f $ChromeSeleniumVersion
    $ChromeSeleniumURLMacOS = '{0}/' -f $ChromeSeleniumVersion
    $ChromeSeleniumURLWindows = '{0}/' -f $ChromeSeleniumVersion
    If ($IsWindows) {
        Invoke-WebRequest -Uri $ChromeSeleniumURLWindows -OutFile ''
    elseif ($IsLinux) {
        Invoke-WebRequest -Uri $ChromeSeleniumURLLinux -OutFile ''
    elseif ($IsMacOS) {
        Invoke-WebRequest -Uri $ChromeSeleniumURLMacOS -OutFile ''
    else {
        Write-Error -Message 'Platform not supported.'
    $null = New-Item -Name './bin/selenium.chromedriver' -Force -ItemType Directory
    Expand-Archive -Path '' -Force -DestinationPath ./bin/selenium.chromedriver
    Remove-Item -Recurse -Force -Path './'
    If ($IsLinux -or $IsMacOS) {
        chmod a+x ./bin/selenium.chromedriver/chromedriver

function Install-HtmlAgilityPack {
    Invoke-WebRequest -Uri '' -OutFile ./
    Expand-Archive -Path './' -Force
    $null = New-Item -Name './lib/HtmlAgilityPack' -ItemType Directory -Force
    Copy-Item -Path ./HtmlAgilityPack/lib/netstandard2.0/HtmlAgilityPack.dll -Destination ./lib/HtmlAgilityPack -Force
    Copy-Item -Path ./HtmlAgilityPack/lib/netstandard2.0/HtmlAgilityPack.xml -Destination ./lib/HtmlAgilityPack -Force
    Remove-Item -Force -Recurse -Path './HtmlAgilityPack'
    Remove-Item -Force -Recurse -Path './'

Import-Module -Name 'Microsoft.PowerShell.Archive'
Import-Module './lib/selenium.webDriver/WebDriver.dll'

## If you need to parse some html inside of your scripts and want to have cross platform functionality (or if internet explorer is not enabled), you also need to install HtmlAgilityPack, as powershell on windows relies upon it for parsing html into objects.
Import-Module './lib/HtmlAgilityPack/HtmlAgilityPack.dll'

Encrypted LVM remote unlock

Sometimes you want to have a strong Disk encryption but be still able to unlock it remotely. Sure, this is a compromise between security and usability, but here is what I come up with.
Before you follow my instructions, I allude you to carefully consider what that means for your thread model and system security.

0. You start with an normal lvm encrypted operating system.
1. Install dropbear and busybox
2. Edit the file /etc/initramfs-tools/initramfs.conf and add/modify Device and Network settings accordingly:

The last line requires some explanation. It consists of:
To bypass the ssh host checks (which would fail, because effectively the preboot environment is an autonomous os, independent of the other), you should select a different IP than that of the fully booted system.
3. Place your ssh-public key into the initramf’s root users home directory
rm /etc/initramfs-tools/root/.ssh/*
vi /etc/initramfs-tools/root/.ssh/authorized_keys

For privacy reasons (if you don’t want someone to associate this device with you through the use of your public key) you may want to use a separate key-pare, as this public key.
4. After you’ve added your public key, you need to regenerate the initramfs image using:
update-initramfs -u
5. After that reboot using
systemctl reboot
6. Now while the System is waiting for you to enter the password, go to a different client and connect using your private key (User: root) and your predefined IP address.
7. To unlock your device and continue booting (which will uninitialize the initramfs leaving you within a shell without any mounted file systems or applications) you have to somehow insert the Plain-text password into /lib/cryptsetup/passfifo (without a line break at the end)
The easyest (but also unsafest) way is a simple echo:
echo -n "EncryptionKey" > /lib/cryptsetup/passfifo

ntds.dit Auditing

By searching for a way to remotely force an Windows Update check, I accidentally found this: DSInternals
This looked very promising, so I checked out the linked blog and found this: Retrieving Active Directory Passwords Remotely

This might be useful in some disaster recovery scenarios (or for hackers to create Golden Tickets…) or to prevent the use of the “Reversible Encryption option” and push people to encrypt and prevent unauthorized physical access to there Domain Controllers (including backups).

– On Domain Controllers use Bitlocker with a TPM
– Encrypt your Backups
– Physical access control (to dc and backups)

Golden Ticket attacks are no entry attacks. An attacker has to gain Administrative rights on a Domain Controller in order to apply this attack.

Status Monitoring

Here is a code sniped to monitor your servers. In the first example the result is simply written into a CSV-File, but in the second a e-mail is sent.

Import-Csv -Path ".\IP-List.txt" -Header ComputerName | Test-NetConnection | Select-Object ComputerName,PingSucceeded | Export-Csv -Path ".\Summary.csv" -Delimiter ";" -NoTypeInformation
$isOnline = Import-Csv -Path ".\IP-List.txt" -Header ComputerName | Test-NetConnection | Select-Object ComputerName,PingSucceeded | Where-Object -Property PingSucceeded -EQ -Value $True

$DNSHostName = (Get-WmiObject win32_computersystem).DNSHostName;
$DNSDomainName = (Get-WmiObject win32_computersystem).Domain;

$From = "PowerShellMonitoring@$DNSHostName+'.'+$DNSDomainName";
$To = "edv@$DNSHostName+'.'+$DNSDomainName";
$Subject = "Failure $(@($isOnline).Count) Hosts down";

$Body = $($isOnline | Format-Table | Out-String);
Send-MailMessage -From $From -Subject $Subject -To $To -Body $Body;

VPN Connection and Device Authentication

Automatically establish a VPN connection if a specific application is launched. So your users cannot forget to launch it first and will not call you therefor 😉

Add-VpnConnection -Name VPN -ServerAddress -AuthenticationMethod MSChapv2 -DnsSuffix -EncryptionLevel Optional -IdleDisconnectSeconds 0 -TunnelType Pptp -UseWinlogonCredential
Add-VpnConnectionTriggerApplication -ApplicationID %windir%\system32\mstsc.exe -ConnectionName VPN -Force
Add-VpnConnectionTriggerTrustedNetwork -ConnectionName VPN -DnsSuffix -Force

The Example uses pptp seriously you should not use pptp today.
Encryption should be set to Required as a bare minimum, Maximum is recommended.
The username and password used for authentication are those of the actually logged on user “UseWinlogonCredential”.

If you try to implement a Machine based authentication instead of a user one, you have to use IkeV2 (TunnelType) with MachineCertificate (AuthenticationMethod) and also the option “AllUserConnection” should be checked. May you also want to add “LogonUI.exe” as a trigger application, so your logon scripts can run (if the user has internet connection at this point, many network cards need some time to wake up, keep this in mind)

Unsolicited Remote Assistance

Yes it is possible to make the Remote Assistance somewhat usable.

– It’s free
– I recommend setting it up as a backup (If e.g. TeamViewer servers are down again).
– UAC Prompts are not visible to you
– Supporter needs to be local Administrator
– Only Local and Routed Networks (e.g. no NAT)

First you need to make a new Domain Local Group named “Remotesupport” and add all your Supporters (the Globlal Group of there teams) to it.
Make a new Policy (on DC) and name it “Unsolicited Remote Assistance”.
Go to the Directory “Computer Configuration\Policies\Administrative Templates\System\Remote Assistance”.
Enable the Policy “Configure Solicited Remote Assistance” with default settings.
Enable the Policy “Configure Offer Remote Assistance”, click on “Show…” and enter “\Remotesupport”.
The last step you have to go is linking it under your Domain (or OU) it should apply to.

Allow in your Windows Firewall:
– TCP 135
– %systemroot%\PCHEALTH\HELPCTR\Binaries\helpsvc.exe
– %systemroot%\system32\Raserver.exe
– %systemroot%\system32\sessmgr.exe
You can add this to the “Unsolicited Remote Assistance” policy if you use the Windows Firewall (“Computer Configuration\Policies\Windows Settings\Security Settings\Windows Firewall with Advanced Security\Inbound Rules”)

Now all your remote support team has to do is opening “msra.exe /offerra” and entering the Client IP or Hostname.

If you really depend on being able to see the UAC prompt you can lower your device security to the bare minimum by disabling the Secure Desktop:
Seriously don’t do it. That allows Malware running with user Privileges to log your keystrokes.
I warned you.
Ok, I think you really want to do it, so I won’t stop you from enabling the Policy (“Computer Configuration\Policies\Windows Settings\Security Settings\Local Policies\Security Options\User Account Control: Allow UIAccess applications to prompt for elevation without using the secure desktop”)
My recommendation: Put this setting in a separate policy and enable it as needed (e.g. your primary remote assistance application fails). Normally applying a policy can take up to 15 Minutes. Just run “winrs -r:HOSTNAME gpupdate /force” as Administrator to force apply them immediately.